Brief Group Intervention Using Emotional Freedom Techniques for Depression in College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

 

Two hundred thirty-eight first-year college students were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Thirty students meeting the BDI criteria for moderate to severe depression were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control group. The treatment group received four 90-minute group sessions of EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques), a novel treatment that combines exposure, cognitive reprocessing, and somatic stimulation. The control group received no treatment. Posttests were conducted 3 weeks later on those that completed all requirements.

The EFT group had significantly more depression at baseline than the control group. After controlling for baseline BDI score, the EFT group had significantly less depression than the control group at posttest, with a mean score in the “nondepressed” range. Cohen’s was 2.28, indicating a very strong effect size. These results are consistent with those noted in other studies of EFT that included an assessment for depression and indicate the clinical usefulness of EFT as a brief, cost-effective, and efficacious treatment.
Dawson Church, Midanelle A. De Asis, and Audrey J. Brooks, “Brief Group Intervention Using Emotional Freedom Techniques for Depression in College Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Depression Research and Treatment, vol. 2012, Article ID 257172, 7 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/257172